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Updated in 10/24/2019 7:17:02 PM      Viewed: 154 times      (Journal Article)
Scientific reports 8 (1): 2081 (2018)

Genetic interaction involving photoperiod-responsive Hd1 promotes early flowering under long-day conditions in rice.

Prasanta K Subudhi , Teresa B De Leon , Ronald Tapia , Chenglin Chai , Ratna Karan , John Ontoy , Pradeep K Singh
ABSTRACT
Although flowering in rice has been extensively investigated, few studies focused on genetic interactions. Flowering evaluation of two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations involving photo-insensitive rice cultivars, Bengal and Cypress, and a weedy rice accession, PSRR-1, under natural long-day (LD) conditions, revealed six to ten quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and a major QTL interaction. In addition to the validation of several previously cloned genes using an introgression lines (IL) population of PSRR-1, a few novel QTLs were also discovered. Analysis of the marker profiles of the advanced backcross lines revealed that Hd1 allele of PSRR-1 was responsible for the photoperiodic response in the near-isogenic lines (NILs) developed in both cultivar backgrounds. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic data of the NILs, and NIL mapping population and the transcript abundance of key flowering pathway genes, we conclude that Hd1 and its interaction with a novel gene other than Ghd7 play an important role in controlling flowering under LD conditions. Our study demonstrates the important role of genetic interaction that regulates flowering time in rice and the need for further investigation to exploit it for breeding adaptable rice varieties.