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Updated in 1/26/2020 4:46:59 PM      Viewed: 307 times      (Journal Article)
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 171 (2): 309-13; discussion 313-5 (1994)

Abdominal hysterectomy versus transvaginal morcellation for the removal of enlarged uteri.

M S Hoffman , S DeCesare , C Kalter
The purpose of this study was to compare the intraoperative and postoperative complications of transvaginal morcellation and abdominal hysterectomy for the removal of moderately enlarged uteri.An observational study was performed on all uteri weighing > 200 gm removed transvaginally from July 1, 1987, to June 30, 1993. An abdominal hysterectomy control group was selected.There were 50 patients in the vaginal group and 112 in the abdominal group. At a p value < 0.05 there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups for age, parity, obesity, hypertension, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, or prior genitourinary surgery. The mean operative time in the vaginal hysterectomy group was 122 minutes and in the abdominal hysterectomy group 148 minutes (p < 0.05). The mean estimated blood loss was 527 and 586 ml, respectively (not significant). Twenty-two percent of the vaginal group and 70% of the abdominal group underwent bilateral oophorectomy (p < 0.05). The mean uterine weights were 335 and 336 gm, respectively (not significant). The mean day of starting a regular diet was 2.1 and 3.6, respectively (p < 0.05). The mean day of discharge was 3.6 and 5.1, respectively (p < 0.05). Complications were similar for the two groups.In selected patients transvaginal morcellation is a safe and effective alternative to abdominal hysterectomy for the removal of moderately enlarged uteri. The two procedures are comparable in operative time, blood loss, and complications. Both ovaries are more likely to be removed with abdominal hysterectomy. Cosmesis and recuperation may be advantages of the vaginal approach.
DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9378(94)70028-1      ISSN: 0002-9378