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Updated in 3/8/2018 12:13:46 PM      Viewed: 285 times      (Journal Article)
Medical and veterinary entomology 11 (3): 265-9 (1997)

Effects of Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis infection on Anopheles stephensi egg development and resorption.

S L Carwardine , H Hurd
ABSTRACT
It has been shown previously that infection with Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis reduces the number of eggs produced by female Anopheles stephensi. Here we examine the mechanism underlying fecundity reduction. Ovaries from infected and uninfected (control) female mosquitoes were examined 12, 24 or 36 h after blood-feeding during the first gonotrophic cycle (replicated) or the second gonotrophic cycle (unreplicated). Follicular development was assessed according to Christophers' stages and the proportions of developing and resorbing follicles per ovary were determined. Resorption of some follicles commenced within 12 h of blood-feeding, affecting significantly more follicles in the infected females: 1.1% v. 3.2%. The difference was greatest 36 h after blood-feeding: 25% reduction (10 v. 35%) in the first cycle; 16% reduction (9 v. 25%) in the second gonotrophic cycle. The mean speed of oogenesis was also found to be significantly retarded in infected mosquitoes. During the second gonotrophic cycle, for example, only 92-94% of follicles reached stage III by 24 h and stage IV by 36 h in infected females, whereas all the developing follicles of uninfected females reached these stages more or less synchronously in the time specified.
ISSN: 0269-283X